What is prostatomegaly?

In an age where medicine has advanced and life span has increased due to cures for various diseases, we are still plagued with numerous medical questions. We do get health information from books, websites and doctors but medical question answers never end. When you ask a medical question you will get complicated medical terms for your disease or problem, in such times we need someone to simplify this health information bombarded on us. Here we talk about prostatomegaly.

What is prostatomegaly?

Prostatomegaly is enlargement of the prostate gland. The prostate gland is that organ in the male body which is at the base of the bladder. When it enlarges to a lesser or greater extent it causes problems in all men and it causes a block to the outlet of the bladder, it obstructs it.  Prostatomegaly is common in elderly men. It is a result of the hormonal changes in the body.

It has to be most often benign unless there is clinical proof that it is abnormal and the lab blood tests indicate that it is a malignant growth in the prostrate which may call for a prostrate biopsy.

Based on the enlarged gland size, the patient can remain asymptomatic, he can develop symptoms which include difficulty in voiding, obstruction in the urinary flow, urinary infection. 

Based upon the size of the enlarged gland, one could remain asymptomatic or develop symptoms including increased difficulty in voiding, urinary infection and obstruction in the urinary outflow tract. Medications do help in treating the enlarged prostate related symptoms. Surgery is needed only in severe cases of enlargement and associated symptoms. Kidney (Renal) Cysts are the sacs filled with fluid and are relatively more common in elderly population. These cysts are mostly benign as noted on the imaging studies (example, ultrasound study of kidneys). They don’t require any further intervention.

Grade I prostatomegaly is mild and common and need not even get treated. But, when it progresses slowly to grade 2.  Causes of prostatomegaly include:

BPH Benign prostatic hyperplasia or cystic hyperplasia

Squamous metaplasia: This is enlargement of prostrate due to exposure to excessive estrogen.

Prostatitis is bacterial infection of prostate gland

Paraprostatic cysts: These cysts are fluid filled sacs which are connected to the prostrate by a stalk which is extremely thin.

Prostatic meoplasia: Tumors of this prostate gland are malignant and tough to cure.

Prostatomegaly in the initial stage need not be treated but as it enlarges, it creates trouble and needs treatment and medical attention.

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