Ovarian Cysts in pregnancy are abnormal sacs filled with fluid that grow on the ovary. They may affect only one ovary or both. These do commonly occur to women during their childbearing age. Cysts usually don’t cause any problems and just resolve on their own. The most common cause is hormonal imbalance.
Ovarian cysts may be harmless, but when pregnancy occurs the dilemma comes in. A number of problems can occur when a woman with ovarian cyst becomes pregnant.
• The cyst could become bigger that may occupy space which is intended for the growing fetus. Room for growth is deprived, so the baby will not be able to develop normally.
• Rupture of cyst may occur which is very dangerous to both mother and baby. Once it ruptures, it may cause bleeding and infection. The cyst implants on the ovary. Any pressure or injury may damage the cyst leaving blood vessels in the ovary open. Internal bleeding could happen and could kill the mother and baby. Infection could also result which is very difficult to treat because majority of antibiotics are teratogenic. Teratogenic means that it is very harmful to the baby. It causes abnormalities and defects.
• Pain is experienced by the mother due to the pressure exerted by the cyst on the fetus or other organs. Twisting of cysts could occur that may cause severe pain. This is an urgent situation so the mother must be rushed to the hospital.
Ways to detect ovarian cysts
The earlier the detection, the better is possibility to avoid complications. If a woman knows that she already has ovarian cysts, she should be treated before she becomes pregnant. A woman who has just known that she is pregnant should immediately be checked by her doctor for assessment. Here are ways to detect that a woman has ovarian cysts:
• Endovaginal ultrasound.
• Hormonal levels
• Pregnancy testing
Treatment for ovarian cysts
Once ovarian cyst and pregnancy are confirmed, don’t fret immediately. With the results of the test, the doctor will see if it’s serious or not. When cysts are only small and few, problems will not be manifested. Depending on the cyst, treatments will vary. Here is some management to the problem. Not all will be performed by your doctor. Ask a lot of options and weigh the pros and cons of each therapy.
• A usual procedure to treat ovarian cyst during pregnancy, especially if a high risk occurs, is the surgical removal of cysts. Almost all women who underwent the procedure had successful and safe deliveries without defects in the baby. The procedure is frequently done in the second trimester.
• Regular ultrasound is being done to monitor the growth of the cyst. If growth is slow or size is constant, it’s a positive result since it wouldn’t be a problem.
• Pain relievers may be used depending on the doctor. Never self-medicate. Remember that most drugs are harmful to the baby.
• Live a happy and healthy life. This will have good effect on the baby. It is believed by psychologists that the stress the mother bears during pregnancy will be carried by the child in the womb and could affect it development.
You have learned that ovarian cysts in pregnancy can be distressing to both mothers and baby. Don’t lose hope because there’s remedy to the problem. Your doctor will help you go through it and aid you to have the best and secured pregnancy you wished for.
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