Impetigo is an infection with a germ called golden staph. This is the commonest cause of skin infections of a11 kinds, and the most frequent of these in children is impetigo. Many people have heard of golden staph and associate it with serious infection. This can certainly be the case, but it just as often causes relatively harmless skin problems.
Impetigo is highly infectious, and is usually caught from other children. It often involves several members of a family at once. It can be recognised as crusty or scabby sores which have a yellowish look about them. They are not as a rule terribly painful but can be itchy. Sometimes impetigo causes big blisters, particularly in babies. The commonest sites for the sores are the face and around the groin area, but they can occur anywhere.
Impetigo (sometimes impetaigo) is a superficial bacterial skin infection most common among children 2 to 6 years old. People who play close contact sports such as rugby, American football and wrestling are also susceptible, regardless of age. The name derives from the Latin impetere (“assail”). It is also known as school sores.
It has been found that impetigo can be caused by two types of bacteria. The first can be group A streptococcus and the second type of bacteria that can cause this skin disorder is called staphylococcus aureus.
The bacterium that causes impetigo and ecthyma enters the body through the skin. Bacteria can enter through any break in the skin, no matter how tiny. There doesn’t have to be an apparent skin break. Cuts, insect bites, and abrasions all are open invitations to impetigo and ecthyma and so are eczema, scabies, herpes, chicken pox, or contact dermatitis.
Impetigo may affect skin anywhere on the body but it commonly occurs around the nose and mouth, hands, and forearms.
Now, when the impetigo begins as tiny blisters, and gradually erupts and leave a small wet patch of red skin that seeps fluid and a crust that is yellowish or brown in color covers the area, this type of impetigo is caused by group A streptococcus.
However, when the blisters are larger and the fluid inside the blister appears clear at first then turns cloudy, then this type of impetigo is caused by staphylococcus aureus. The blisters are likely to stay intact and do not burst.
Treatment for impetigo may include a prescription of an antibacterial cream. The goal is to cure the infection and relieve the symptoms. The more severe cases of impetigo requires antibiotics taken by mouth. It is also better to wash the skin several times a day, preferably with an antibacterial soap, to remove crusts and drainage. To prevent the spread of infection if one has an impetigo, always use a clean washcloth and towel each time. It is advised not to share towels, clothing, razors with other family members. Always wash the hands thoroughly after touching skin lesions, minor cuts, and scrapes. Overall, good general health and hygiene would help prevent infection and the spread of skin disease..
Read About Home Remedies also Read about Impetigo and Leucoderma
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