How to secure yourself from spyware, malware and ransomware?

The digital age is here, the internet has covered every field of life. There is nothing that hasn’t been touched by the internet. Everything happens online today, from shopping to studying, the internet is the biggest source of infotainment, and online money transactions happen online, messages or letters. All this opens the gate to every trouble that can come along. All kinds of malware find the way to your mobile devices and computers through the internet. The list of online threats can be confusing and daunting. Online threats are increasing every minute with hackers finding new ways to perform malicious activities, working constantly to breach all new security arrangements. The first step towards preventing such alien malicious viruses knows what exactly are these and how they find homage into your devices. Popular malware/viruses that affect your devices are:

Spyware – It is a bundle of hidden freeware programs or software that are put into a user’s computer device and collects their personal information and data without their knowledge and transmits this data covertly to other parties.

Malware – This umbrella category includes several kinds of malicious software like viruses, worms, and Trojan horses. This software can take refuge in your devices and remain hidden for a long time and gradually affect it.

Phishing – This is the most common type of malicious activity on the internet. The cybercriminals attempt to gather information like passwords and other credentials through fake and unauthorised links. Phishing e-mails and advertisement links are sent as messages.

Ransomware –This is the most threatening kind of malicious-ware. It locks out the user of their own device and allows regaining of access after only a certain amount of money is paid.

How to stop/remove malware from affecting your device

Prevention is better than cure; this idiom applies to the realm of Internet-based malware. Security practices need to be implemented to save you from becoming easy targets of cyber crimes. People usually overlook such threats and do not take any step towards using modern security methods. Today a number of effective ways are there to prevent internet users from such malicious activities. Here are few measures that can be taken against malware:

  • Implementation of two-factor authentication: Two-factor authentications is a good way of securing access to your computer. This includes two factors: first a password and then a token device like a mobile where a verification code is sent to your cell number.
  • Using Anti-Malware: There is numerous anti-malware software is available in the market. Installing these is the immediate solutions. This software scan for viruses regularly helps fix them.
  • Regular security updates: Every day the hackers are getting advanced keeping pace with the technology. Hence the need to keep your security platforms up to date, Keep in mind that hackers start developing such malware as soon as the new security updates are released.
  • Not clicking on links in phishing emails: Your email inbox is usually filled with unknown advertising emails which contain alluring links that lead to fake and malicious websites. These are the most common kind of attacks that happen today at every minute.
  • Keeping offline backups:  Backups are the recommended for keeping a step ahead in this unending cycle of cyber attacks. This proves as the best remedy for Ransomware attacks when you are locked out of your computers. An offline backup becomes handy in such situations.
  • Not sharing passwords at public platforms:As it is, anyone asking you for your password should immediately be suspected , no legitimate authority asks anonymously about your password. You should never give out your passwords to anyone.
  • Using authorised/recognised devices list: Logging in through the devices you regularly use necessitates you to keep a list of authorised devices. This prevents anyone else to use your account from any other device,an  email is sent to your account immediately if anyone tries to log in from an unauthorised and unrecognised device. Keeping an eye open for such activities can save you a lot of trouble.

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