Physical exercise is a physical activity that enhances or maintains physical fitness and total health. This activity is performed for various reasons. These include toning up the muscles and the cardiovascular system, honing athletic skills, weight loss or body maintenance and for a healthy and fit body. With regular exercise, it increases the body’s immune system and helps prevent certain diseases. These diseases are heart ailments, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity and high blood pressure.
There are different types of exercise, it depend on the purpose of the exercise and on the overall effect on the human body. If you want to build and tone your muscles, flexibility and weights are the proper choice. These types of exercises are:
Aerobic exercise is a physical exercise that tends to improve the efficiency of the cardiovascular system in absorbing and transporting oxygen. Aerobic exercise program involves frequent physical activity that is repetitive, it and stimulates the circulatory system and uses large muscles. It includes cycling, swimming, running, walking, hiking, rowing, cross training, and aerobic dance. This type of exercise focus on increasing cardiovascular endurance.
Flexibility exercises include stretching which improve the range of motion of muscles and joints. Flexibility is defined as a joint’s ability to move freely through a normal range of motion. Flexibility is a vital component of a well-rounded fitness program. Stretching is extremely important for general health and to prevent injuries during daily life and exercise. When a person ages their muscles tend to become tight and stiff, that is why it is important to maintain normal flexibility for good posture and prevent osteoporosis.
Anaerobic exercise or also called strength training is an exercise to trigger anaerobic metabolism. It is usually used by athletes in non-endurance sports to promote strength, speed and power and by body builders to build muscle mass. This includes weight training, functional training or sprinting. The benefits you can get from this type of exercise are: increases in muscle size and tone; increased muscle, tendon, bone, and ligament strength; increased physical performance and appearance; improved metabolic efficiency and decreased risk of injury.
Physical exercise is important for maintaining physical fitness and can impart positively on maintaining a healthy weight, building and maintaining healthy bone density, muscle strength, and joint mobility, promoting physiological well-being, reducing surgical risks and strengthening the body’s immune system. Physical exercise may also help decrease the effects of childhood obesity.
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