Tourists around the planet are starting to discover the exquisiteness of Tulum. Its white-sand beaches with turquoise Caribbean waters are perfect for sunbathing, swimming and snorkeling. Also Tulum is famous for its Mayan Ruins. It is popular for the picturesque view of the Caribbean and a location just 128 km (80 miles) south of the popular beach resort of Cancun.
Accommodations varies from Tulum hotels that offer comfortable rooms with all the services or those in a rustic cottage made out of wood, palm, sand floor and illuminated only by candle lights to wonderful beachhouses.
But another reason why Tulum is considered a gem is due to its cenotes. Cenotes are pools of freshwater formed from limestone sinkholes linked by a vast underground river system. The word cenote is derived from the Mayan word D´zonot. These cenotes are actually windows to the vast underground rivers that flow beneath the ground through submerged caves. Cenotes are magical, enigmatic and unique in the world and were once the only resource for fresh, sweet water in the local Yucatecan jungle.
A cenote is formed very gradually over time. These are formed by dissolution of rock which creates a subsurface void, which may or may not be linked to an active cave system, and the subsequent structural collapse of the rock ceiling above the void. The rock that falls into the water below will then be slowly removed by further dissolution, creating space for more collapse blocks. The rate of collapse increases during periods when the water table is below the ceiling of the void, since the rock ceiling is no longer buoyantly supported by the water in the void. Cenotes may be fully collapsed creating an open water pool, or partially collapsed with some portion of a rock overhang above the water.
In the Tulum area the best cenotes are located south of the Tulum Pueblo and along the road to the Mayan ruins of Coba, such as Mayan Blue (an L-shaped lagoon.), Naharon (“the dark cave”), Temple of Doom (Cenote Esqueleto), Tortuga, Vacaha, Gran Cenote, Abejas, Nohoch Kiin and Carwash cenotes and cave systems. One of the most beautiful is the Gran Cenote, just 4 kilometers on the road to Coba. Its clear water allows swimmers and divers to see the underwater cave formations and the small fish that live there.
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